Birds on Iceland

This is the root page of the birds of Iceland section of the Natural History of Iceland pages

This section presents information on bird species on Iceland. It is now almost complete for breeding bird species on Iceland. Some rare accidental species and passing-by migrants are dealt with too.

General scientific knowledge regarding the species as well as other interesting facts and private observations are presented. One or more photos of Icelandic birds can be viewed for all species described.
General notes on the habitat, breeding areas, ethology and migration behaviour are included.

Additional to the species description is a general background page regarding birdlife on Iceland and search facillities are offered within this section (see top menu bar: "Iceland birds information" option).

Like to see how it works? Open the page on smgrnrt.gif the razorbill, Alca torda for a start. But before you do you might want to read the next paragraph.

The Iceland bird species are organized in natural groups. If, for example, you would like to open the page on puffins, you will see left thumbnails and names of the species belonging to the auks family (razorbill, auks, guillemots and puffin). You can open any other page of a specific auk-family member by clicking on the thumbnail or the latin name. Under the content you will find a list of all groups. Thus you can switch from one group to another group. By default, the species on the top of the list of the selected group will open first.

The following species are included in this collection (open the page of a species by clicking on the name)

auks group
smgrnrt.gif razorbill on Iceland - Alca torda on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif common guillemot on Iceland, i.e. common murre on Iceland - Uria aalge on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif Brünnichs guillemot on Iceland, i.e. thick-billed murre on Iceland - Uria lomvia on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif Black guilemot on Iceland - Cepphus grylle on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif Puffins on Iceland - Fratercula arctica on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif Dovekie or little auk - Alle alle on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif Great Auk on Iceland - Pinguinus impennis on Iceland (extinct)

fulmar, shearwater and petrels and shags (cormorants) and gannets
smgrnrt.gif fulmar on Iceland - Fulmarus glacialis on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif Manx shearwater on Iceland - Puffinus puffinus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif storm petrel on Iceland - Hydrobates pelagicus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif Leach's petrel on Iceland - Oceanodroma leucorrhea on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif shag on Iceland - Phalacrocorax aristotelis on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif gannet on Iceland - Morus bassanus on Iceland

skua's, gulls and terns
smgrnrt.gif great skua on Iceland - Stercorarius skua on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif arctic skua on Iceland - Stercorarius parasiticus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif black-headed gull on Iceland - Larus ridibundus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif great black-backed gull on Iceland - Larus marinus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif lesser black-backed gull on Iceland - Larus fuscus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif glaucus gull on Iceland - Larus hyperboreus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif Icelandic gull on Iceland - Larus glaucoides on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif kittywake or three-toed gull on Iceland - Rissa tridactyla on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif arctic tern on Iceland - Sterna paradisaea on Iceland

waders and stilts 1: plovers and phalarope's
smgrnrt.gif golden plover on Iceland - Pluvialis apricaria on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif grey plover on Iceland - Pluvialis squatarola on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif great ringed plover on Iceland - Charadrius hiaticula on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif red-necked phalarope on Iceland - Phalaropus lobatus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif grey phalarope on Iceland - Phalaropus fulicarius on Iceland

waders and stilts 2: sandpipers and other smaller species
smgrnrt.gif dunlin on Iceland - Calidris alpina on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif knot on Iceland - Calidris canutus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif sanderling on Iceland - Calidris alba on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif purple sandpiper on Iceland - Calidris maritima on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif turnstone on Iceland - Arenaria interpres on Iceland

waders and stilts 3: Other (larger) wader and stilt species
smgrnrt.gif redshank on Iceland - Tringa totanus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif whimbrel on Iceland - Numenius phaeopus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif black-tailed godwit on Iceland - Limosa limosa on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif oyster catcher on Iceland - Haematopus ostralegus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif snipe on Iceland - Gallinago gallinago on Iceland

Waterfowl 1: Swan and Geese
smgrnrt.gif whooper swan on Iceland - Cygnus cygnus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif greylag goose on Iceland - Anser anser on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif pink-footed goose on Iceland - Anser brachyrhynchus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif White-fronted goose on Iceland - Anser albifrons on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif Barnacle Goose on Iceland - Branta leucopsis on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif Brent Goose on Iceland - Branta bernicla on Iceland

waterfowl 2: goose-like duck and dabbling ducks
smgrnrt.gif shelduck on Iceland - Tadorna tadorna on Iceland - record soon to be introduced
smgrnrt.gif wigeon on Iceland - Anas penelope on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif mallard on Iceland - Anas platyrhynchos on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif gadwell on Iceland - Anas strepera on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif pintail on Iceland - Anas acuta on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif common teal on Iceland - Anas crecca on Iceland

waterfowl 3: diving ducks
smgrnrt.gif tufted duck on Iceland - Aythya fuligula on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif scaup duck on Iceland - Aythya marila on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif eider duck on Iceland - Somateria mollissima on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif harlequin duck on Iceland - Histrionicus histrionicus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif long-tailed duck on Iceland - Clangula hyemalis on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif common scoter on Iceland - Melanitta nigra on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif Barrow's goldeneye on Iceland - Bucephala islandica on Iceland

Waterfowl 4: Fish-eatingducks (Goosanders/Mergansers),divers and grebes
smgrnrt.gif red-breasted merganser on Iceland - Mergus serrator on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif goosander on Iceland - Mergus merganser on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif red-throated diver on Iceland - Gavia stellata on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif great northern diver on Iceland - Gavia immer on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif Slavonian grebe on Iceland - Podiceps auritus on Iceland

ptarmigan, birds of prey & pigeons (miscelaneous species)
smgrnrt.gif ptarmigan on Iceland - Lagopus mutus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif white-tailed eagle or sea eagle on Iceland - Haliaeetus albicilla on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif gyrfalcon on Iceland - Falco rusticolus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif merlin on Iceland - Falco columbarius on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif rock pigeon or feral pigeon on Iceland - Columba livia on Iceland

passerines
smgrnrt.gif meadow pipit on Iceland - Anthus pratensis on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif white wagtail on Iceland - Motacilla alba on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif wheatear on Iceland - Oenanthe oenanthe on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif redwing on Iceland - Turdus iliacus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif goldcrest on Iceland - Regulus regulus on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif snow bunting on Iceland - Plectrophenax nivalis on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif redpoll on Iceland - Carduelis flammea on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif wren on Iceland - Troglodytes troglodytes on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif starling on Iceland Sturnus vulgaris on Iceland
smgrnrt.gif raven on Iceland - Corvus corax on Iceland